- Julius II extended his quest for authority to temporal realm.
- AKA warrior-pope
- Avid art patron
- After he became pope he immediately commissioned artworks presenting authoritative image of his rule
- Most important:
1. The new design for St. Peter’s basilica
The basilica was a symbolic seat of the papacy and represented the Church history
He chose Bramante to do it and he included many High Renaissance elements such as the central- plan church
2. Julius II commissioned Michelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel, even though that was not his strong suit.
3. The building of his tomb by Michelangelo
It was a colossal monument that was supposed to include numerous statues; however, once he started St. Peter’s the commission went to that instead. When Julius II died Michelangelo was forced to complete it on a much smaller scale.
-He commissioned Michelangelo and with his fascination of the human body he created David, which Julius II really liked, because he was a humanist as well.
Basic features of Mannerism:
- elongated figures
- Figura serpentinata
- less emphasis on balance, symmetry, and rational composition (values of High Renaissance)
- unusual lighting effects